The faculty of biology was established in 1931.
The departments of faculty of biology are botany, zoology, psychology. Specialists in biology and psychology are trained at these departments.
Together with teaching and educational works scientific-research works are being done at the faculty.
At the department of botany the research is being done on such issues as “Natural and cultivated plants in the territory of Ashgabat”, “The flora of the Eastern Kopetdag Mountains” “The flora of South-East Garagum”, “Innovative technologies being implemented in higher education”, “The importance of mint in fighting against the insects harmful for human health”.
At the department zoology such scientific works as “Ecologic and ethnologic adaptation of the birds in the urban land”; “Ecologic features of the birds of Ashgabat”; “Ecologic features of the family of pheasants of Turkmenistan”; “Avifauna of South-East Turkmenistan”; “Problems of investigating the fish fauna of “Altyn Asyr” Turkmen Lake”.
Teachers of the department of psychology conduct research works on such issues as “Psychological problems of modern organization of students’ teaching and educational works in the Prosperous epoch of Powerful State”.
The graduates of the faculty of biology are given qualifications of “biologists, teachers”; “psychologists, teachers”. They are able to work at educational establishments, scientific-research centers, in different areas of economy.