The museum was founded in 1959.
The museum dedicated to the great Turkmen poet Magtymguly Pyragy has a collection of books of the poet published at different times, in different languages, lithographic samples of his writings and manuscripts of ancient literatures, as well as numerous literary and scientific works about the wise poet, and values of the times of Magtymguly.
In 2014, the museum was enriched with new publications and historical data connected with the studies of the poet's creative life on the occasion of the 290th anniversary of the great thinker of the East – Magtymguly Pyragy.
THE MUSEUM OF NATURE
The museum was established in 1931 on the basis of a university founded as a Pedagogical Institute in Ashgabat. The Nature Museum is enriched with the specimens of the fauna of Turkmenistan, as well as of world fauna. The contributions of several scientists, professors of the Faculty of Biology and students of different years in the creation and enrichment of the museum are great.
The specimens placed in the Nature Museum at the Faculty of Biology belong to various systematic groups of our country and the world of the animal kingdom, and great opportunities are provided for their display. The Nature Museum reflects the beautiful image of the nature of our beautiful country, types of the desert and mountain ecosystems, as well as specimens living there, and other information about the species can be found in it.
The museum's Invertebrate Section is distinguished with its uniqueness. This section includes dozens of species of invertebrates belonging to ringworms, bollworms, skin needles, and other groups, including butterflies collected in our country and collected from the United States, Indonesia, some Asian countries, and Australia.
The University's Nature Museum’s Spine Department is also distinguished by its unique richness. The museum houses stuffed animals and collections of several species of fish and reptiles. Some of exhibits of the museum are birds, with more than 70 species of guppies including passerines, cranes, anseriformes, chickens, charadiiformes, owls and other groups. In addition, museum has speeches of dozens of mammals.
MUSEUM OF GEOLOGY
The museum was founded in 2001.
Natural finds collected by professors and students of Magtymguly Turkmen State University from different parts of our beloved country: specimens of various minerals, ores and fossils form the basis of the Museum of Geology.
More than 1,200 specimens of minerals and ores are currently kept in the museum's 200m2 room.
The museum consists of several sections that differ in the content of the collected specimens. One of those sections is about celestial bodies, where you have the opportunity to get acquainted with the amazing information about meteorites that have fallen to Earth. The projects made according to the actual forms of “Koneurgench” meteorite and “Boyadag” mud-volcano serve as demonstrations in the museum. The museum also has images showing geological phenomena, and forms of reliefs; and has information about the nature of our country, more precisely, about the State nature reserves.
MUSEUM OF ARCHEOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY
The museum was established in 1988. Today, the museum houses about 700 specimens reflecting the archeology of Turkmenistan, the material and spiritual culture of the Turkmen people, daily life and economy of the Turkmen. Some of them are rare specimens that are not found in other museums of Turkmenistan.
The museum contains artifacts from Altyndepe, Margush, Nisa, Merv and finds from monuments belonging to various historical epochs of our country.
There is ahal bag embroidered with “gabsa” ornament in the museum, which was woven approximately in the middle of the 19th century. It can be found among the carpet specimens in museums of our country. But this bag is totally different from the others in terms of its finesse, the thinness of the strings, the structure of the ornament.
Depbe, thought to belong to the Western nomadic Turkmens, is considered to be one of the unique models of the museum. “Depbe” made of a solution was no less strong than the jugs made on the hearth. Different kinds of liquid-flavored dishes (butter, toshap, etc.) have been stored in the “depbe” for a long time without being spoilt. Making a “depbe” is a unique form of pottery among the nomadic Turkmens.
The Museum of Archeology and Ethnography is one of the centers promoting the history, archeological monuments, ethnography, material and spiritual culture of the Turkmen people.
MAGTYMGULY TURKMEN STATE UNIVERSITY HISTORY MUSEUM
Magtymguly Turkmen State University History Museum was established in 2018.
The museum describes a glorious history of the university from the days of its establishment as Pedagogical Institute. It contains information on the life and work paths of prominent people who graduated the university in different years, as well as their publications.
Information about the events of the visit of the President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov to the Turkmen State University named after Magtymguly, works of our President published in different languages, the policy of the national leader for the development of the science and education system are presented in the section describing the modern history of the university.
Documents and various types of information describing the cooperation of Magtymguly Turkmen State University with foreign universities placed in the International Section of the museum.
Information about the prizes and achievements of professors and students in various international competitions and competitions in the fields of science, education, sports and culture at the international and state levels are also displayed in Magtymguly Turkmen State University History Museum.